The academic practices in UNMER Malang are supported by 275 academic staffs including 233 (85%) permanent lecturers, 13 (5%) contracted lecturers and 29 (10%) assisting lecturers (DPK). Based on the government’s Regulation of Indonesian Republic No 19 2005 about national education standard, therefore, academic staffs of tertiary education institution must have fulfilled academic qualification on the following minimum level namely: a) Graduates of Diploma IV or Undergraduate (S1) are qualified for teaching diploma program, b) Master (S2) graduates for teaching undergraduate program (S1), and c) Doctorate graduates for teaching Master (S2) and Doctorate (S3) programs. In 2012, UNMER Malang applied regulation to all lecturers who were remain holding undergraduate degree and had not been pursuing master degree that they were provided with tuition fee allowance to pursue master program in University of Merdeka Malang. In addition, out of 15 lecturers who obtained undergraduate degree 13 of them are pursuing master program. Through this policy, it is expected that all UNMER academic staffs will have acquired at least master degree (S2) in accordance with the Indonesian Republic Government’s regulation No 19 2005. The qualification improvement for UNMER teaching staffs instead of providing master degree scholarship for them, also allows broad oppurtunities to enroll doctorate degree (S3) by joining BPPS scholarship offered by the government. In 2012, there were 5 lecturers who accomplished master degree and 10 of them gained their doctorate degree. Until the end of 2012, there were 45 lecturers who were pursuing doctorate degree including 32 lecturers joining domestic BPPS scholarship scheme, 3 of them holding overseas BPPS scholarship scheme and the rest 13 lecturers were partly funding the tuition themselves combined with the instituion’s support.
The improvement of academic staff’s competency is done not only through further education but also through sending them as delegations to participate in a number of seminars/workshops/training according to their specialist field. Therefore, it is expected that they will be able to catch up with the knowledge and the required professional development, which is further useful for discussion topic with other lecturers in their own study program. The improvement of teaching staff’s competency is also achieved internally (in-house) through a series of activities as follow:
The qualification of teaching staffs based on their functional position shows that there are 15 professors (5%), 99 (33%) senior lecturers, 110 (40%) lecturers, 38 (14%) assistant lecturers, and those who have not obtained academic position (new lecturers) comprise at 23(8%) personnels. In 2012, there was a teaching staff who obtained a decree to be a senior lecturer and 3 other teaching staffs were granted a decree as the assistant lecturers. On the other hand, two other lecturers are still in the process of becoming a professor and one personnel is becoming a senior lecturer.
In order to socialize the functional position establishment, in December 21 2012 the socialization event was held to describe the establishment process of functional position to improve the lecturers’ eligibility. As it was stated in Undang-Undang Number 14 2005 about professors and lecturers, lecturers will be appointed as professional academic staffs and scientists with the main obligation of transforming, developing, and communicating knowledge, technology and art through education, research, and community work. Meanwhile, professionality is recognized as duties or activities that an individual does and it becomes the income source, which requires a skill, expertise or competence that fulfills the quality standard or certain norms and requires profession education. In 2012 there were four teaching staffs, who passed lecturer certification and 12 (4%) of them were in the process of waiting for the passing announcement. Up to the end of 2012 there were 172 (63%) lecturers who gained professionality certificate as lecturers. Therefore, the rest comprising at 91 (33%) are still waiting certification in 2013 and in the following years after they successfully fulfill the requirement.